Research & Policy

Immigrants and the Economy

1. American Civil Liberties Union, Immigrants and the Economy (March 12, 2002).
"Blaming immigrants for the nation's woes has long been an American pastime, especially in hard economic times like today. Recently, there has been an upsurge in anti-immigrant sentiment, particularly in areas of the country that host large number of immigrants. Public opinion surveys indicate that the public does draw a distinction between undocumented immigrants, and that the public regards undocumented immigrants with increasing disfavor." Download this document

2. Center for the Continuing Study of the California Economy, The Impact of the Immigration on the California Economy (September 2005). 
"This report examines the impact of immigration on the California economy. Existing research is summarized, and references are provided so that interested readers can find additional information and a variety of viewpoints on the interpretation of existing research findings. This report makes no policy recommendations." Download this document

3. David L. Bartlett, Ph.D., Building a Competitive Workforce: Immigration and the U.S. Manufacturing Sector, Immigration Policy in Focus Vol. 5. Issue 6 (August 2006).
"Shortages of skilled labor constitute the foremost challenge confronting U.S. manufacturers who face growing competition from manufacturers in Asia, Eastern Europe, and elsewhere. Demand for professionals with university degrees is rising as manufacturing becomes increasingly high tech. But the U.S. educational system is not producing enough highly educated native-born manufacturing workers to meet this growing demand." Download this document

4. Dr. Raul Hinojosa, North American Integration and Development Center, Comprehensive Migration Policy Reform in North America: The Key to Sustainable and Equitable Economic Integration (August 2001).
"The objective of this report by the UCLA North American Integration and Development (NAID) Center is to analyze how the current set of migration policies between the United States-Mexico can be jointly reformed in order to provide for greater growth and equity across both countries." Download this document

5. Greater Twin Cities United Way Research & Planning Department, Immigrants and the Economy (June 2002).
"The purpose of this report is to address many of the questions, perceptions, and misperceptions regarding immigration that have been raised in the community over the last decade.  There has been a significant amount of interest and speculation on the impact of immigration on the Twin Cities economy." Download this document

6. Immigration Policy Center, Achieving Security and Prosperity: Migration and North American Economic Integration, Immigration Policy In Focus Volume 5, Issue 2 (February 2006).
"Most of the border-enforcement and immigration-reform proposals currently being considered in Washington, DC, are not comprehensive or adequate solutions to the  issue of undocumented immigration. The process of North American economic integration, and development within Mexico itself, create structural conditions that encourage Mexican migration to the United States." Download this document

7. Immigration Policy Center, Economic Growth & Immigration: Bridging the Demographic Divide (November 2005).
"I f the U.S. economy is to maintain at least 3 percent annual growth in its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) over the coming decade and beyond, the U.S. labor force must continue to expand. In many industries that rely heavily on workers who fill less-skilled jobs, increases in the labor force will be the primary means by which growth is achieved." Download this document

8. Inter-American Development Bank Multilateral Investment Fund, Sending Money Home: Remittance to Latin America and the Carribbean (May 2004).
"Over the past decade,  "globalization" has become the term most often used to describe the increasing integration of the world economy.  Countless categories of financial flows, trade in goods and services, and various forms of technology transfer are all very carefully monitored, documented, and reported in great detail." Download this document

9. Jeff Chapman and Jared Bernstein, Immigration and Poverty: How are they linked?, Monthly Labor Review (April 2003).
"The growing immigrant share of the U.S. population was neither the sole, nor even the most important, factor in the relatively flat poverty rate from 1989 to 1999; in fact, poverty rates fell faster for immigrants than for natives." Download this document

10. Migration Policy Institute, Building the New American Economy: Newcomer Integration and Inclusion Experiences in Non-traditional Gateway Cities (2004).
"Any look at the nation’s immigration policy reveals a system greatly in need of reform.  Outdated policies keep American families separated from loved ones in other countries.  Employers, faced with an insufficient pool of legal workers, increasingly rely on hard-working but unauthorized workers." Download this document

11. Randy Capps, Jeffrey S. Passel, Michael Fix, Civic Contributions: Taxes Paid by Immigrants in the Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area, The Community Foundation (May 2006).
"Immigrant households in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area had a total income of $29.5 billion in 1999–2000, and they paid $9.8 billion in taxes. This represents 19 percent of the region’s total household income and 18 percent of all taxes paid." Download this document

12. Rakesh Kochhar, Pew Hispanic Center, Growth in the Foreign-Born Workforce and Employment of the Native Born (August 10, 2006).
"The study uses Census Bureau data at the state level for 1990, 2000 and 2004 to  examine whether the growth in the foreign-born population had an effect on employment outcomes for the  native-born population. It focuses on two time periods, 1990 to 2000 and 2000 to 2004. The growth of the  foreign-born population in a state over each time period is mapped at the end of each time period against  three measures for native-born workers—employment rate, labor force participation rate and  unemployment rate." Download this document

13. Stuart Anderson and Michaela Platzer, National Foundation for American Policy, American Made: The Impact of Immigrant Entrepreneurs and Professionals on U.S. Competitiveness.
Immigrant Entrepreneurs and professionals contribute significantly to job creation and innovation in the United States. This analysis shows the striking propensity of immigrants to start and grow successful American companies, particularly in the technology field. Download this document

14. Stuart Anderson, The Debate over Immigration’s Impact on U.S. Workers and the Economy, National Foundation for American Policy (June 2006).
"The debate over the impact of immigration on U.S. workers and the American economy has intensified in recent years. Economists and policy analysts using competing methodologies have come to different conclusions. The paper finds that the benefits of international graduate students and skilled immigrants to the U.S. economy are often overlooked in the broader discussion of immigration. Moreover, it finds that immigrants do not exert a significant negative impact on natives, including native workers with lower levels of education." Download this document

15. U.S. Commission on Migration, Binational Study: Migration Between Mexico & The United States (1997).
"Few issues hold greater implications for bilateral relations between Mexico and the United States than does migration.  As a member of this team recently wrote, ‘the tension created by migration from Mexico to the United States is perhaps the most intractable theme in the relationship between the two neighbors, one highly developed, the other less developed.  At times, the friction between the two countries over this issue is modest and, at others, incandescent, but it is never absent’ (Weintraub 1997)" Download this document

16. Walter A. Ewing, Ph.D., Immigration Policy Center, Migrating to Recovery: The Role of Immigration in Urban Renewal (July 2003).
"Policymakers in states from Iowa to Utah and in cities from Albuquerque to Boston have realized that immigration is a key source of long-term economic vitality, particularly in urban areas experiencing population loss, shrinking labor pools and growing numbers of retirees. Immigration, if properly cultivated, can be a key ingredient in urban economic development and recovery." Download this document

17. Walter A. Ewing, Ph.D., The Economics of Necessity: Economic Report of the President Underscores the Importance of Immigration, Immigration Policy in Focus Volume 4, Issue 3 (May 2005).
"Although immigration is crucial to the growth of the U.S. labor force and yields a net fiscal benefit to the U.S. economy, current immigration policies fail to respond to actual labor demand." Download this document

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